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d)母乳喂养(yang)须知(zhi): 2019-08-30 73091
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1)掌(zhang)握正确(que)的喂(wei)奶时(shi)间

i.分娩后(hou)30 min尽可(ke)能(neng)给宝(bao)宝(bao)喂奶,新生儿与妈(ma)(ma)妈(ma)(ma)同室同床,以便(bian)不(bu)定(ding)(ding)时,不(bu)定(ding)(ding)量(liang)的(de)按需哺乳,使(shi)(shi)宝(bao)宝(bao)得(de)到最珍贵的(de)初乳,应该是(shi)每当宝(bao)宝(bao)啼哭或觉得(de)该喂奶了就(jiu)抱起喂母(mu)乳,宝(bao)宝(bao)能(neng)吃多少就(jiu)吃多少,这样可(ke)使(shi)(shi)妈(ma)(ma)妈(ma)(ma)体内的(de)催(cui)乳素(su)分泌增加(jia)。

ii.如果妈妈身体虚弱(ruo)或伤口疼痛,可以采用(yong)侧(ce)卧位喂奶(nai),但日(ri)后(hou)不宜躺着给宝宝喂奶(nai),否则会影响宝宝下颌发育(yu),引(yin)起(qi)面部畸形。

2)掌握正确的(de)喂奶技巧

i.在喂(wei)奶的(de)过程中(zhong),让(rang)宝(bao)(bao)宝(bao)(bao)充分(fen)(fen)含(han)(han)住乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)头(tou)(tou)和乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)晕(yun)的(de)大(da)部(bu)分(fen)(fen),在每次喂(wei)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)时(shi)应(ying)让(rang)宝(bao)(bao)宝(bao)(bao)吸(xi)(xi)空(kong)一侧乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房(fang)后(hou)再吸(xi)(xi)另一侧乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房(fang),要挤空(kong)剩余(yu)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)汁,并坚持夜间喂(wei)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru),这些均可(ke)使(shi)母(mu)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)分(fen)(fen)泌增多。在母(mu)婴(ying)(ying)皮肤(fu)接触的(de)同时(shi)开始(shi)吸(xi)(xi)吮母(mu)亲(qin)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)头(tou)(tou),并轻柔按摩乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房(fang),促(cu)进(jin)泌乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)。取母(mu)子(zi)皆(jie)舒适的(de)卧(wo)位或坐位,婴(ying)(ying)儿的(de)下颌紧贴(tie)母(mu)亲(qin)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房(fang),产妇(fu)手(shou)应(ying)呈(cheng)C型,将乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)房(fang)托起当引起婴(ying)(ying)儿吃奶欲望含(han)(han)接乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)头(tou)(tou)时(shi),应(ying)将整个(ge)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)头(tou)(tou)及大(da)部(bu)分(fen)(fen)乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)晕(yun)含(han)(han)入(ru)婴(ying)(ying)儿口中(zhong)。吸(xi)(xi)吮时(shi),婴(ying)(ying)儿的(de)嘴唇(chun)应(ying)呈(cheng)鱼唇(chun)样厥起,以(yi)利排乳(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)(ru)。

ii.预防婴儿吐奶和(he)呛噎,即(ji)喂(wei)奶后,最(zui)好轻拍婴儿背(bei)部,帮助(zhu)婴儿排(pai)出吸人胃部的气体,喂(wei)哺后应将婴儿侧卧位。通过护士(shi)的iE确(que)指导和(he)协助(zhu),采用正确(que)的喂(wei)养(yang)方式,促进母亲乳汁分泌,提高母乳喂(wei)养(yang)成功率(lv)。


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